Jawaharlal Nehru - a chronological account

Below is a short history of Jawaharlal Nehru

1889 Born 14 November in Allahabad, the son of Motilal and Swaruprani Nehru

1905-7 Harrow School, Harrow-on-the-Hill, Middlesex.

1907-10 Trinity College, Cambridge.

1910-12 Inner Temple, London.

1912 - Returned to India. Lawyer, Allahabad High Court.

1913 - Joint Secretary, Allahabad branch of St John Ambulance Brigade.

1916 - Married, 8 February Kamala Kaul.

1917 - Joined Home Rule League. Daughter, Indira, born 19 November.

1918 - Secretary, Home Rule League.

1919 - Started the newspaper, Independent, with Motilal Nehru.

1920 - Joined the Non-co-operation Movement.

1921 - Arrested 6 December for participating in the Volunteer Movement and urging the boycott of the visit of the Prince of Wales to India.

1922 - Released 3 March. Arrested 11 May for picketing cloth shops.

1923 - Released 26 January. Elected April Chairman, Allahabad Municipal Board. (Resigned January 1925.) Arrested 19 September for defying an order banning entry into Nabha State. (Released 6 October.) Presided October over the United Provinces Political Conference, Benares. Founded December the Hindustani Seva Dal. General Secretary, Indian National Congress, 1923-5.

1926-7 - Visited Europe and Britain. Attended 10 February 1927 the Congress of Oppressed Nationalities, Brussels. Visited November the Soviet Union. Moved December the 'Inde­pendence Resolution' at the Madras session of the Indian National Congress. General Secretary, Indian National Congress, 1927-9.

1928 - Presided April over the Punjab Provincial Conference. Founded August the Independence for India League. Presided September over the All Bengal Students Con­ference. Active in the boycott of the Simon Commission; lathi-charged November, Lucknow.

1929 - Presided 30 November over the Nagpur session of the All-India Trade Union Congress. Presided 29 December over the Lahore session of the Indian National Congress.

1930 - Participated in the Salt Satyagraha Movement and arrested 14 April. (Released 11 October.) Arrested 19 October for speech made in favour of the no-tax campaign.

1931 - Released 26 January. Motilal Nehru died 6 February. Arrested 26 December for breach of an internment order prohibiting him from leaving the municipal limits of Allahabad. (Released 30 August 1933.)

1934 - Organized January relief for the victims of the Bihar earthquake. Arrested 12 February for speeches made in Calcutta. (Released 11 August on parole.) Returned 23 August to prison. (Released 4 September 1935.)

1936 - Kamala Nehru died 28 February in Lausanne, Switzerland.

Presided 23 April over the Lucknow session of the Indian National Congress. Travelled April-December round India campaigning on behalf of Congress candidates for the General Elections. Presided 27 December over the Faizpur session of the Indian National Congress.

1938 - Swaruprani Nehru died 10 January. Visited Spain, France, Britain and some other European countries. Chairman, National Planning Committee.

1939 - Visited Sri Lanka and China. Drafted the Congress re­solution on the war.

1940 - Chosen to be the second satyagrahi in the Individual Satyagraha Movement. Arrested 31 October for speeches made in Gorakhpur. (Released 4 December 1941.)

1942 - Negotiations March-April with Sir Stafford Cripps. Moved 7 August the 'Quit India' resolution at the All-India Congress Committee meeting. Arrested 9 August.

1945 - Released 15 June. Represented 25 June - 14 July the Con­gress at the Simla Conference. Campaigned for Congress candidates in the elections. Appeared November as a lawyer for the defence at the trial of the Indian National Army Officers. Vice-President, Indian Centre of the P.E.N. Elected December President of the All-India States People's Conference.

1946 - Visited March South-east Asia. Held April-June talks with members of the British Cabinet Mission. Elected May President of the Indian National Congress. (Resigned in September.) Trip June to Kashmir, arrest and release. Interim government formed 2 September with Nehru as Vice-President of the Viceroy's Executive Council and member for External Affairs and Commonwealth Rela­tions. Moved 13 December the 'Objectives Resolution' in the Constituent Assembly.

1947 - Inaugurated 23 March the Asian Relations Conference, New Delhi. Broadcast 3 June to the nation accepting the partition proposals. Became 15 August first Prime Minister of free India.

1948 - Mahatma Gandhi died 30 January. Attended October the Commonwealth Prime Ministers' Conference, London. Addressed 3 November the Special Session of the United Nations General Assembly, Paris.

1949 - Inaugurated 20 January the conference of eighteen nations to condemn Dutch aggression on Indonesia. First visit October-November to the U.S.A. and Canada.

1950 - India became a Republic 26 January-. Became March Chairman, Planning Commission. (Held this office till his death.)

1951 - Elected President, Indian National Congress. (Continued till 1954)

1952- Formed May new government after the first General Elections. Began 2 October Community Development Program.

1953 - Chief Ministers' Conference November, New Delhi.

Appointed December States Reorganization Commission.

1954 - Chou En-lai visited India. Issued June joint statement of the Prime Ministers of India and China, listing the five principles (Panchsheel) for the regulation of relations between nations.

1955 - Moved January the resolution on a 'Socialistic Pattern of Society' at the Avadi session of the Indian National Con­gress. Afro-Asian Conference, Bandung, 15-25 April.

1956 - Conference 17-18 July with President Nasser of Egypt and President Tito of Yugoslavia, Brioni. Conference November of the Prime Ministers of Indonesia, Burma, Ceylon and India, New Delhi.

1957 - Formed April new government after the second General Elections.

1959 - Sponsored January resolution on co-operative farming and state trading of food grains at the Nagpur session of the Indian National Congress,

1960 - Addressed 3 October the United Nations General Assembly, New York.

1961 - Conference of Non-aligned Nations, Belgrade, September.

1962 - Formed April new government after the third General Elections. Presided June over the National Integration Council meeting. State of Emergency proclaimed 26 October by the President of India following the Chinese aggression.

1963 - 'Kamaraj Plan'—ministers relinquished office to reorganize the Congress Party.

1964 - Died 27 May in New Delhi. Cremated at what is now Shanti Vana on the banks of the Yamuna.